The Wonders of Nature Come Alive
Situated near the Malaysian-Thai border, the Belum Temengor Tropical Rainforest is an ancient marvel, boasting an age of over 130 million years. It is recognized as one of the world's oldest rainforests, characterized by its hilly to mountainous terrain that ranges in altitude from 130 m to 1,553 m.
This remarkable rainforest stretches along the Main Range, serving as the backbone of Peninsular Malaysia.
Encompassing an extensive area of approximately 300,000 hectares, the heart of this rainforest is graced by the presence of the manmade Temengor Lake, spanning 15,200 hectares.
This serene lake is adorned with numerous pristine islands, including the captivating Pulau Banding, which harbors an incredible diversity of life. It serves as an idyllic retreat where one can seek seclusion and embrace the wonders of nature.
The Splendour of Nature's Flora & Fauna
The ancient rainforest harbors a remarkable array of unique plant and animal species, sadly many of which are currently facing the threat of extinction. In fact, this primeval forest stands as one of the largest remaining untouched reserves in Peninsular Malaysia, and possibly even the world. Consider the untold secrets it holds and the immense potential it possesses for the global community.
Within the Belum Temengor Rainforest complex, more than 3,000 species of flora flourish, among which the majestic Rafflesia is one of the most renowned. Despite its short lifespan of less than seven days, this remarkable flower reveals its beauty to only a fortunate few. The area is home to three species of Rafflesia: Azlanii, Kerrii, and Cantley.
Furthermore, the rainforest boasts 64 species of ferns, with one displaying a captivating optical illusion—appearing blue from one angle and green from another, providing a delightful visual experience. Additionally, there are 62 species of moss that are exclusive to this region, not found anywhere else in the world. Ongoing scientific studies of the forest's flora hold the promise of numerous exciting discoveries yet to be made.
As for the fauna, Malaysia is home to over 200 mammal species, and a significant number of them can be found within the Belum-Temengor Rainforest. This relatively untouched forest serves as a sanctuary for 14 of the world's most endangered mammals, including the Malayan Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Malayan Sun Bear, and Malayan Tapir. These species find refuge in this pristine environment, highlighting the importance of preserving and protecting this invaluable ecosystem.
Avians Haven & Hornbill Shangri-La
The Belum Temengor Tropical Rainforest is a paradise for bird enthusiasts, offering a diverse collection of over 300 avian species, including the magnificent hornbills.
Adding vibrant splashes of color to the surroundings, the rainforest is home to 10 distinct species of hornbills, earning it the well-deserved title of the "Hornbill Capital of the World." It stands as one of the few places on Earth where you can witness all ten known species of Malaysian hornbills in their natural habitat.
These species include the Plain-pouched Hornbill, White-crowned Hornbill, Bushy-crested Hornbill, Wrinkled Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Black Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Rhinoceros Hornbill, Great Hornbill, and Helmeted Hornbill.
To increase your chances of spotting a hornbill, it is recommended to locate a large wild fig plant, as it serves as their favorite source of food. Concealing yourself nearby will offer you a better opportunity to observe these remarkable birds in action.
The Orang Asli the Forest's Custodians
Within the Belum Temengor area, two primary Orang Asli groups reside: the Jahai and Temiar.
The Jahai people are semi-nomadic communities that dwell in the northern region of the Belum-Temengor forest.
Their way of life involves a mobile lifestyle, moving within the forest to sustain their livelihood.
On the other hand, the Temiar community follows an agricultural lifestyle, cultivating specific areas within the southern region of Temengor. They engage in farming practices and maintain settled agricultural settlements in the area.
These distinct indigenous groups, the Jahai and Temiar, contribute to the cultural diversity and heritage of the Belum Temengor region.
The Temenggor artificial lake, the second largest lake in Peninsula Malaysia, boasts a diverse ecosystem. It is home to 23 main species of freshwater fish, including five species of turtles, as well as various aquatic and amphibian species.
Covering an area of 15,200 hectares, the lake contains a colossal volume of water, approximately 6,050 million cubic meters. This man-made reservoir was formed following the construction of the Temenggor dam in 1974. It serves a vital hydroelectric function for the local population in the northern Perak State. Additionally, it played a historic military role in disrupting supplies and communication to communist guerrilla groups that sought refuge in the rainforest.
The area's seclusion and tranquil atmosphere have facilitated the development of a thriving population of fish and aquatic species in the lake and its surrounding streams. The rainforest follows a "catch and release" policy, ensuring the preservation of its rich biodiversity. However, it's important to note that four fish species, known as sebarau, kelah, tengalan, and temoleh, are protected and must not be removed from the Royal Belum area.
Step into a world where time seems to stand still, and be enchanted by the sheer age and untouched beauty of this ancient forest. With its rich biodiversity, magnificent landscapes, and hidden treasures, Belum Temengor Rainforest offers an experience like no other.
Join us on this extraordinary adventure, as we uncover the wonders and marvels of Belum Temengor Rainforest. Experience the ancient, the wild, and the untamed as we discover one of the world's true natural treasures.